How Can You Recognize the Type of a Commercial Airplane (Narrow Body Airplanes) [Airbus & Boeing]

Have you ever been sitting in the airport waiting for your flight whilst watching planes with different sizes taxiing, taking – off, and/or landing infront of you? Did that ever make you wonder what type of planes are these? And how specialists differentiate between them?

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Today I’ll be giving some simple and easy ways to differentiate between planes, with different angles of views, and even from the sky. I’ll be starting with the narrow body airplanes, and next week I’ll post about the wide body airplanes.

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Narrow Body Airplanes

First, let’s know what ‘narrow body airplane’ means.

A narrow-body aircraft or single-aisle aircraft is an airliner arranged along a single aisle permitting up to 6-abreast seating in a cabin below 4 metres (13 ft) of width. 

At shorter ranges, it is often left to the turbo-props as they can take off and land even on short runways due to their short-take off ability.

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Narrow Body Airplanes (Airbus & Boeing)

In Airbus these are:

  • Airbus A220
  • Airbus A320 Family includes
    • A318
    • A319
    • A320
    • A321

In Boeing these are:

  • Boeing B737 NG family; includes:
    • B737-700
    • B737-800
    • B737-900
  • Boeing 737MAX family; includes:
    • B737MAX8
    • B737MAX9
    • B737MAX 10
  • Boeing 757
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Airbus A220

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The Airbus A220 is a family of narrow-body, twin-engine, medium-range jet airliners. The airliner was designed by Bombardier Aerospace and originally marketed as the Bombardier CSeries. -Wikipedia

You can determine whether this airplane is an Airbus A220 by looking at:

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The Nose:

Photo by: Alex Macheras
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Wingtips:

Photo by: Airbus
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Airbus A320 Family

The Airbus A320 family consists of narrow-body airliners. The A320 was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321, the shorter A319, and the even shorter A318.

Usually the a320 family airplanes look similar, but with different sizes.

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A318

The A318 can be easily determined, since it’s the smallest.

The A319, A320, and A321 can be noticed by their doors and sizes:

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A320

Medium size compared to the A321 and the A319 with two small doors beside each other at the middle of the airplane.

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A321

The A321 is the longest amongst the family.

Since they are all a family, the A321 looks the same as the A320, and is longer with four separated doors along the airplane.

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A319

It looks similar to the A320, but smaller and with one small door at the middle of the airplane.

The A320 Family airplanes all have the same wingtip:

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A320neo Family

The A320neo family airplanes all have the same mentioned specifications above with only one difference, which is the wingtips, all A320neo airplanes have the same wingtip:

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Boeing 737 Family

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The Boeing 737 family is the most successful airliner lineage in the world. Orders for the first-generation Boeing 737-100 and 737-200 were placed in 1965 and since then, over 6,000 aircraft were produced. The family consists of three generations of aircraft.

The earliest was the Boeing 737 Original (which included the Boeing 737-100, -200 and -200 Advanced), followed by the Boeing 737 Classic series (including the Boeing 737-300, -400 and -500) and the Boeing 737 Next Generation, or Boeing 737 NG (including the Boeing 737-600, -700, -800 and -900), then the Boeing 737MAX (including the B737MAX7, MAX8, MAX9, and MAX10).

However, today we’ll only talk about the Boeing 737 Next Generation (NG) Family as well as the 737MAX family, since they are the most popular nowadays.

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Boeing 737 Next Generation (NG)

They all look the same, only the sizes are different here; they have similar noses, wingtips, and tails.

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Nose

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Wingtip

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Tail

Also an interesting fact about boeing 737 is that they do not have a landing gear door. The aircraft’s main landing gear wheels are not covered, and they remain exposed even when fully retracted. Given the lack of space under the plane while it’s on the ground, Boeing engineers determined that landing gear doors were impractical and unnecessary for the main undercarriage.

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Boeing 737MAX Family

The 737 MAX is a fourth generation Boeing 737, re-engined with CFM LEAP turbofans. … It is based on earlier 737 designs, re-engined with more efficient CFM International LEAP-1B engines, aerodynamic changes, which include its distinctive split-tip winglets, and airframe modifications.

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Wingtips

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Engines

And comparing the B737MAX engines with its previous generation the B737 NG:

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Boeing 757

The Boeing 757 can be noticed by its nose, and its regular wing with no wingtips.

Nose

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Wings

One more thing about the Boeing 757 is that it looks really narrow.

Stay Tuned next week for the wide body airplanes.

Thank you!

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2 thoughts on “How Can You Recognize the Type of a Commercial Airplane (Narrow Body Airplanes) [Airbus & Boeing]

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