Based on aerodynamics and fuel efficiency design. Nasa and Boeing are studying a concept design named Transonic Truss-Braced Wing (TTBW), belonging to the Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research program. Boeing has a configuration with an outstanding aerodynamic flying within Mach 0.70 – 0.80 (Transonic), a competitive speed similar to airliners. The wing plane comprises aContinue reading “TRANSONIC TRUSS-BRACED WING”
Also known as emergency ballistic reserve parachute, a parachute system within the aircraft systems. And here comes the question: Do all the aircraft have a parachute in their systems? Well, the answer is no. Do not confuse it with a drogue parachute designed to decrease the speed of the object or aircraft in the landing stage. WeContinue reading “Ballistic Aircraft Parachute”
23 May 1848, Anklam Prussia, born and raised with his siblings, worked together on technical, social, and cultural projects. Then they started to study the flight of birds, dreaming with the idea or the fiction of human flight. After years of other studies in other fields and life situations, he got the idea for hisContinue reading “The only person able to fly”
A word that gathers a lot of conditions that an aircraft must meet. An official definition does not exist. However, the aviation and aeronautical regulations states the minimum requirements for which the aircraft is deemed to be airworthy and this is also showed under a Certificate of Airworthiness (CofA). You may think of the minimumContinue reading “What Does Airworthiness Mean?”
Have you ever wondered about the possibility of suffering trauma or a pathology while flying? Almost everyone has experienced emotional sensations and behavior not very normal when flying by plane at some point whether on take-off or landing. You probably have felt or faced this. Imagine the sensations while flying in helicopters, racing aircraft orContinue reading “Aerospace Medicine”
It is “personal” because it has a crew capacity of one, only one person who is the pilot of the aircraft. Electric, low noise, capable of reaching a speed of 150 miles per hour, and how it works, it seems to be a fancy vehicle. The inventor, the aerospace engineer Mark Moore idealized the conceptContinue reading “The Puffin: A Personal Aircraft”
As the name stands for a plane that converts, but exactly in what? First of all, the plane needs to take off vertically and landing as well, so it is VTOL (Vertical take-off and landing), specifically using a rotor, and in a normal regime fly like a fixed-wing aircraft. This is a definition from theContinue reading “Convertiplane”
When talking about Mach, it is pretty common to relate it with supersonic aircraft, but not always. This number of airflow velocity helps to determine the limits of the aircraft performance in terms of maximum airspeed. The critical Mach number (Mcr) is the lowest Mach number of the plane in which the speed of soundContinue reading “Critical Mach Number”
It is undoubtedly the largest aircraft in the world, working as a multi-tasking platform for research and commercial activities in aerospace. This plane allows the customers to launch their aerial projects in the hypersonic field. The design of the stratolaunch comprises a dual-fuselage and high-wing configuration in such a way releasing the payload from theContinue reading “About the Largest Aircraft Carrier; the “Stratolaunch””
The helicopter as an aircraft is not as simple as it seems, the unique flight features make the helicopter a feat of flight science. It is not just making it fly, it is making it controllable and safe. Well, this machine has a rotor system that was practically an engineering miracle. When rotating the blades,Continue reading “The Different Rotors (Helicopter)”
It is considered as another way to produce lift, and if this is attached to the wing then it is called a leading-edge extension. But, why put an extension on the wing? What kind of benefits does it bring to the plane? The leading edge extension creates vortices in a controlled way. It improves theContinue reading “Wing Strakes”
Many of us have seen tanker trucks around when the aircraft is on the ground and think about the type of supply they are loading on the plane. Fueling servicing is only one part of Aircraft ground handling when the plane is at the terminal gate of the airport. The fuel servicing may be performedContinue reading “Fuel Servicing of Aircraft”
An unusual prototype with circular wing in parasol configuration, built in 1934 became a successful STOL airplane, making the way to circular wing aircraft such as the Flying Pancake the AvroCar among others. Using a fuselage from an Alliance Argo biplane and powered by a 90 hp Lambert engine. The media at that moment wroteContinue reading “Nemeth Parasol”
Everyone has ever heard about the Murphy’s Law or probably is familiar to people who has mentioned it. And everyone knows that this law is neither positive nor optimistic. In fact, the law says something that at first glance gives you some pessimism. The Murphy´s Law states “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong”.Continue reading “What’s behind the Murphy’s Law?”
Many of us know about the gliding capacity of airplanes, the fixed-wing aircraft can glide without the engine power until landing safely with appropriate conditions and well aerodynamic airplane performance. However, how do the helicopters overcome the lack of engine power in mid-flight? That is somewhat disturbing to know that there is an engine failure.Continue reading “Gliding flight in a helicopter?”
The wings are the most relevant parts of an airplane. They maintain the flight by the reaction forces against the air. Now, talking about the wing as a structural part of a plane, this is taken to the limit. Civil structures are tested, the aerospace structures are subject to dynamic and static forces, sometimes, untilContinue reading “Wings: Until They Break”
Have you ever wondered about the beginning of one of the most important aeronautical research institution? NACA, stands for: “National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics”, it’s an agency founded on March 3, 1915 in the United States to prioritize aeronautics during World War I. As we may know Wilbur and Orville Wright have studied aviation inContinue reading “NACA”
The Airbus A320 family has undoubtedly a wide range of members, visible at any airport. Some of us can see an Airbus and easily identify it whether it’s an A320, A321 or A318. They have their differences, in the structure, size, and of course, the performance. But what if you see an A320, the variantContinue reading “What’s Behind A320-xxx Model Designation?”
As known, ATA stands for “Air Transport Association”, an American organization. But when talking about it now, ATA 100 refers to a methodology of reference for numbering the aircraft documentation. Allowing the ease of understanding the procedures and topics of a specific item or part of the aircraft. Within the aviation field, this numbering systemContinue reading “ATA 100 (Aeronautical Maintenance Documentation)”
It seems an airplane to observe, that is the name and the meaning. But all the aircraft seem to work under the same? Recognizance, spy or aerial surveying aircraft for mapping, they work in different scenarios and have different instruments to carry out the required task. An observatory as known is a location to observe,Continue reading “Airborne Observatory”
Navy Strategy, the need of a supersonic interceptor plane in time when Jet engines were not as advanced as now. The need of an aircraft that could take off from the sea or a floating deck. There were many options and ideas that came up, planes powered with propellers were still being used in aircraftContinue reading “Convair Sea Dart (The only supersonic seaplane)”
Right now, satellites surround our planet, nearly 6,000, circle the earth, with huge constellations and different features. Even some of unknown functions. However, these objects have improved the quality and technology in home as we may notice. We would not be surprised that Newton devised the idea because of the universal gravity force, and hisContinue reading “The Satellite That Started the Space Race”
The United kingdom´s strategic nuclear strike force, officially known as the V-force or Bomber Command Main Force was formed by the Royal Air Force, during the 1950s and 1960s. They used the three aircraft that represented the V`s. The Vickers Valiant, Avro Vulcan and Handley Page Victor, one aircraft with a striking shape. These aircraftContinue reading “V bombers”
A flying saucer made for the U.S. military, devised in the Cold War (period 1958-1959) by Canadian Scientists, was a completely top secret project. Avro Canada, a Canadian aircraft manufacturing company, designed and built two prototypes of this aircraft, under the funding of the U.S. military that believed on an “alien” looking plane. At thoseContinue reading “Flying Saucer “Avrocar””
Colonel Merryl Tengesdal, born in the Bronx, New York, in 1971 was the first and only African American woman to fly the United States Air Force’s U-2 spy plane, the unique and famous aircraft used to spy and reconnaissance flown in the Cold War over the Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, and Cuba. Merryl overcame andContinue reading “The first woman to Fly the U-2 spy plane”
A weirdly shaped, not very aesthetic plane that looks like a saucer that can never fly. This is the Vought V-173, an American prototype with a circular airfoil with large-diameter propellers on the wingtips.
An aircraft model that with its capabilities and performance, could surprise us, The P-750 XSTOL. A not so widely known aircraft, such as cessna´s or piper´s. However, this plane has many things to offer because of its multi-disciplinary roles, applications and variants whether it is freighter, passengers, Spraying, Fire Fighting, and skydive operations.
The earth is always pulling us to its centre with its gravity, a force to which all bodies on the planet are subjected to. In the beginning of the space program of United States, reduced gravity was an important matter on the general body behavior, making this study as a key on space exploration andContinue reading “Weightless route flight”
260 years of unsolved and unknown regime of high speed dynamics of gases were broken with the significant flight of the Bell X-1 research vehicle installed under the B-29 bomber of World War II vintage, on October 14, 1947 in the Mojave Desert in California.
The new coronavirus strain is testing the borders in Europe and the world again, after the announcement made by UK’s government last Saturday that a new strain appeared to be spreading 70% faster than the other variants and the minister has canceled the planned five-day Christmas holiday that had been planned to be from theContinue reading “The restrictions to UK (New Covid strain)”
Flights within the earth are possible taking into account our atmosphere composed of air. But when talking about flying through outer space or even an almost non-existent atmosphere or one that is composed of other gases like the planets in our solar system, propulsion methods and flight dynamics of the vehicles will be significantly affected.
The desire of vertical flight was always present, and it grew after the first successful flight of the wright flyer, but the technical limitations for reaching this did not give the needed result. Leonardo da Vinci illustrated a sophisticated “rotary-wing” similar to a helicopter, the main sketch that remain for years without any success.
A normal day like today, 14 december, 1986, the Voyager aircraft departed from Edwards Air Force Base in the Southern California using approximately 4.3 km of runway and a huge amount of fuel to fulfill the world record endurance without re-fueling and go around the world. Setting a world record that remains today it isContinue reading “The anniversary of the dream of world flight”
We all wonder how a plane could fly if an engine fails, but it is more worrying if it is in the middle of miles and miles of ocean before finding a place to land safely. These same concerns were expressed by aircraft manufacturers and operators when they wanted their aircraft to cross the oceansContinue reading “One engine rule (ETOPS)”
It only takes 1 and half minute in air or even less, and definitely you spend more time buying the ticket or fasten your seat belt. This is the flight between two close islands in Scotland’s Highlands and islands, exactly the Orkney Islands of Westray and Papa Westray.
Many of us have seen smoke, gases or fumes in the sky and it is pretty common to see large trail intersections like clouds. While flying, each aircraft can experience condensation in different ways, but each is produced by conditions ranging from altitude to temperature.
By the beginning of November this year the first prototype of the MC-21-310 was completed and equipped with Russian engines PD-14. The introduction to the first flight will come true soon, relying on the multiple tests carried out, and the aircraft is in the final line of the assembly waiting for the flight tests thatContinue reading “The new prototype Irkut MC-21-310”
It is not necessary to look like a mighty fighter to be an aviation gymnast and reach incredibly high speeds. This is a light bullet that can be manned by daredevils due to the high acrobatic performance only awarded by fighter jets. Just seeing how this plane flies is shocking because of its small size.Continue reading “The smallest acrobatic microjet”
Today on November 24, 2020 the European Aviation Safety Agency has issued a Proposed Airworthiness Directive (PAD) related to the return of the 737 Max to Europe Sky. As known by many the aircraft has been grounded for 20 months. So, the experts of the European agency have been working and closely following the caseContinue reading “EASA Establishes its conditions for return the 737 Max”
White, the colour of most planes are painted. When looking at a ramp at an airport, the fact is clearly evident. The reason airlines choose this is because of several factors ranging from the cost to operational conditions.
A duct tape strip, nothing aesthetic or of quality image on a plane. Some people have noticed this tapes on their flights causing astonishment and at first glance it seems that the tape is joining paper parts, not giving confidence. People were wondering if this is a good practice, especially if we talk about somethingContinue reading “It is not just a duct tape”
It is already hard for people to be in a confined space for a few hours, imagine now being for many days and within one-meter-wide and about three meter in length of cabin interior. This is the space where it a plane was piloted to get a world record of flight endurance, specifically a CessnaContinue reading “The longest flight on a plane”
It is not only about piloting the aircraft but also driving to the boarding gates, that means taxiing the plane with a safe coordination to engine shutdown. How it is performed? A tool used as a standard in many air operations, the commonly known Marshalling Signals. These are intended for use by the signalman usingContinue reading “Signal to an aircraft”
Mount Everest, that mountain almost all of us know. One of the most difficult and dangerous to climb, but it is not a normal job for airplanes to carry climbers there as airport facilities are necessary. The idea of building an airport came from the Sir Edmund Hillary one of the first to reach theContinue reading “The airport that reached Everest”
After the first manned flight of the Wright brothers, it did not take more than 20 years to consider space flight, with the concepts and dreams of two men interested in reaching outer space. Herman Oberth, one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics, and Wernher von Braun, his student, later known for helping Germany’s RocketContinue reading “How planes became spaceplanes”
Many of us have heard about the oldest airline or the first plane that was invented, but what about the first airline in the world, that first had a successful project. The recognition goes to DELAG, acronym for Deutsche Luftschifffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft, that means German Airship Travel Corporation, founded on 16 November 1909. This was the world’sContinue reading “The birth of the first airline”
Some airliners turn into military aircraft as well. This is the An-12 “Cub”, a military aircraft that had a version of a passenger airplane in the Soviet Union. Constructed simultaneously with the An-10 “the airliner” but with structural differences to allow military operations, one of them is a defensive tail gun. This airplane was DesignedContinue reading “The Military version of an Antonov Airliner (The An-12)”