Can UV Rays From Flying Hurt You?

When you are souring miles above the surface of the Earth without any cloud cover or protection, can the beaming sunlight from the windows of a plane hurt your skin? Just like a hot summer day on the ground, the strong sunlight from the windows contains UV rays that can cause damage to your skin.Continue reading “Can UV Rays From Flying Hurt You?”

TRANSONIC TRUSS-BRACED WING

Based on aerodynamics and fuel efficiency design. Nasa and Boeing are studying a concept design named Transonic Truss-Braced Wing (TTBW), belonging to the Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research program. Boeing has a configuration with an outstanding aerodynamic flying within Mach 0.70 – 0.80 (Transonic), a competitive speed similar to airliners. The wing plane comprises aContinue reading “TRANSONIC TRUSS-BRACED WING”

Ballistic Aircraft Parachute

Also known as emergency ballistic reserve parachute, a parachute system within the aircraft systems. And here comes the question: Do all the aircraft have a parachute in their systems? Well, the answer is no. Do not confuse it with a drogue parachute designed to decrease the speed of the object or aircraft in the landing stage. WeContinue reading “Ballistic Aircraft Parachute”

United Places Largest Aircraft Order in a Decade

On Tuesday, United Airlines announced the purchase of 270 aircraft from Boeing and Airbus – 200 Boeing 737 MAX 8 and 10 aircraft and 70 A321neo aircraft. The MAX 10 and A321 are expected to arrive in 2023, but the MAX 8 planes will start flying this summer. The order will be the largest inContinue reading “United Places Largest Aircraft Order in a Decade”

The only person able to fly

23 May 1848, Anklam Prussia, born and raised with his siblings, worked together on technical, social, and cultural projects. Then they started to study the flight of birds, dreaming with the idea or the fiction of human flight. After years of other studies in other fields and life situations, he got the idea for hisContinue reading “The only person able to fly”

What Does Airworthiness Mean?

A word that gathers a lot of conditions that an aircraft must meet. An official definition does not exist. However, the aviation and aeronautical regulations states the minimum requirements for which the aircraft is deemed to be airworthy and this is also showed under a Certificate of Airworthiness (CofA). You may think of the minimumContinue reading “What Does Airworthiness Mean?”

Aerospace Medicine

Have you ever wondered about the possibility of suffering trauma or a pathology while flying? Almost everyone has experienced emotional sensations and behavior not very normal when flying by plane at some point whether on take-off or landing. You probably have felt or faced this. Imagine the sensations while flying in helicopters, racing aircraft orContinue reading “Aerospace Medicine”

The Puffin: A Personal Aircraft

It is “personal” because it has a crew capacity of one, only one person who is the pilot of the aircraft. Electric, low noise, capable of reaching a speed of 150 miles per hour, and how it works, it seems to be a fancy vehicle. The inventor, the aerospace engineer Mark Moore idealized the conceptContinue reading “The Puffin: A Personal Aircraft”

Aircraft Exterior Lighting

Every component on an aircraft holds vital importance whether it is a small landing light or a vertical stabilizer. Lights are often under shadowed by the sheer brilliance of other parts of an aircraft but do not be mistaken. Without lights, an aircraft would barely be recognizable. Recognizable in the sense that it would beContinue reading “Aircraft Exterior Lighting”

Winglets-Just a Design Feature? What’s More?

Ever look out the window and wonder why some airplanes have pointy/upward-pointing bits at the end of wings? What you see are essentially known as “winglets” and they are standard applications on most aircraft today, if not all. So why are they there and what do they do? In simple terms, winglets help reduce theContinue reading “Winglets-Just a Design Feature? What’s More?”

COFFIN CORNER- When the aircraft’s stall speed meets the critical Mach number

In aviation, coffin corner (or Q corner) refers to the point at which the Flight Boundary is defined by when a high incidence stall intersects with that defined by the critical Mach number. Before we dig further, what is stall and what exactly causes it? STALL Stall is defined as a sudden reduction in the lift generatedContinue reading “COFFIN CORNER- When the aircraft’s stall speed meets the critical Mach number”

Convertiplane

As the name stands for a plane that converts, but exactly in what? First of all, the plane needs to take off vertically and landing as well, so it is VTOL (Vertical take-off and landing), specifically using a rotor, and in a normal regime fly like a fixed-wing aircraft. This is a definition from theContinue reading “Convertiplane”

How Do Planes Stop on Landing?

” 50..40..30….10…RETAAAAAARD” !!! Sounds familiar? Not unless you’re a pilot/ have been in the cockpit right before the tires hit the runway and BOOM!. A few seconds later, the aircraft comes to a screeching halt, and off comes the seatbelts! Ever wondered how or what it takes to bring a gigantic machine to 0 KMPHContinue reading “How Do Planes Stop on Landing?”

Travel Demand Skyrockets This Summer

This summer of 2021, there has been a dramatic uptick in air travel and passenger demand in the aviation industry. Airports are much busier than they initially were at the beginning of the pandemic, and airlines are receiving increasingly more travelers. Parking lots at the airport are filling up with cars, and lines inside theContinue reading “Travel Demand Skyrockets This Summer”

Birds Fly in Formation. Soon Would Airliners! Read on to Know Why

WHY DO BIRDS FLY IN FORMATION? First, it conserves their energy. Each bird flies slightly above the bird in front of him, resulting in a reduction of wind resistance. The birds take turns being in the front, falling back when they get tired. In this way, the birds can fly for a long time beforeContinue reading “Birds Fly in Formation. Soon Would Airliners! Read on to Know Why”

Critical Mach Number

When talking about Mach, it is pretty common to relate it with supersonic aircraft, but not always. This number of airflow velocity helps to determine the limits of the aircraft performance in terms of maximum airspeed. The critical Mach number (Mcr) is the lowest Mach number of the plane in which the speed of soundContinue reading “Critical Mach Number”

VTOL – The Concept Behind It and Why It Is the FutureVtol – The Concept Behind It and Why It Is the Future

A Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) aircraft is one that can hover, take-off and land vertically. This classification includes a variety of aircrafts including fixed-wing aircrafts as well as choppers and other aircrafts with powered rotors. Some VTOL aircraft can operate in other modes as well, such as CTOL (Conventional Take-Off and Landing), STOL (short take-off and landing), or STOVL (Short take-off and Vertical Landing). Others,Continue reading “VTOL – The Concept Behind It and Why It Is the FutureVtol – The Concept Behind It and Why It Is the Future”

About the Largest Aircraft Carrier; the “Stratolaunch”

It is undoubtedly the largest aircraft in the world, working as a multi-tasking platform for research and commercial activities in aerospace. This plane allows the customers to launch their aerial projects in the hypersonic field. The design of the stratolaunch comprises a dual-fuselage and high-wing configuration in such a way releasing the payload from theContinue reading “About the Largest Aircraft Carrier; the “Stratolaunch””

Stratolaunch Plane Flies For the Second Time Ever

On April 29th of last week, Stratolaunch, the world’s largest plane by wingspan, flew for its second time ever. The Stratolaunch plane took off from Mojave Air and Space Port at 10:28 AM and stayed in the air for 3 hours and 14 minutes before returning. It reached a maximum altitude of 14,000 feet andContinue reading “Stratolaunch Plane Flies For the Second Time Ever”

Communication over oceanic routes – how are they accomplished?

Ever wondered how pilots communicate with air traffic controllers on the ground when flying over the oceans? Air traffic controllers typically pick up aircrafts using radar technology which is only effective about 200 miles off the coast. BUT, what after that? After flying further than 200 miles over the ocean, aircrafts typically go off theContinue reading “Communication over oceanic routes – how are they accomplished?”

Airspace and its types of classification

Airspace Airspace is a portion of the atmosphere controlled by a country above its territory, including its territorial waters or, more generally, any specific three-dimensional portion of the atmosphere. This is not to be confused with the term ”Aerospace”, which is the general term for Earth’s atmosphere and the outer space in its vicinity. ATS airspace is classifiedContinue reading “Airspace and its types of classification”

Are Airbus and Boeing the Only Household Names in the Aviation Industry?

Airbus and Boeing prevail possessing a vast noteworthiness under competitive airline manufacturing industry around the globe. The duopoly owns the sky by composing 99% of global massive plane orders and those vast plane orders make up more than 90% of the total plane demand according to the Teal Group, an aerospace market analysis company. regionalContinue reading “Are Airbus and Boeing the Only Household Names in the Aviation Industry?”

The Different Rotors (Helicopter)

The helicopter as an aircraft is not as simple as it seems, the unique flight features make the helicopter a feat of flight science. It is not just making it fly, it is making it controllable and safe. Well, this machine has a rotor system that was practically an engineering miracle. When rotating the blades,Continue reading “The Different Rotors (Helicopter)”

Wing Strakes

It is considered as another way to produce lift, and if this is attached to the wing then it is called a leading-edge extension. But, why put an extension on the wing? What kind of benefits does it bring to the plane? The leading edge extension creates vortices in a controlled way. It improves theContinue reading “Wing Strakes”

Fuel Servicing of Aircraft

Many of us have seen tanker trucks around when the aircraft is on the ground and think about the type of supply they are loading on the plane. Fueling servicing is only one part of Aircraft ground handling when the plane is at the terminal gate of the airport. The fuel servicing may be performedContinue reading “Fuel Servicing of Aircraft”

What Are Those Small Holes On Airplane Windows?

If you’ve ever been in an airplane, you might’ve noticed that there’s a small hole in the bottom of your window. If you haven’t noticed it before, look for it next time; it’s on every plane. If you have noticed it before, you might have wondered whether it should be there and whether it wasContinue reading “What Are Those Small Holes On Airplane Windows?”

How to Find the Cheapest Airfares

Searching for the cheapest airfares online can be a long and difficult process for many flyers. Finding a cheap price and a good deal for your airfares could take hours of searching and it could impede your travel plans. Whether it’s the cheapest ticket or the most worth-it, almost everyone wishes to find the bestContinue reading “How to Find the Cheapest Airfares”

Nemeth Parasol

An unusual prototype with circular wing in parasol configuration, built in 1934 became a successful STOL airplane, making the way to circular wing aircraft such as the Flying Pancake the AvroCar among others. Using a fuselage from an Alliance Argo biplane and powered by a 90 hp Lambert engine. The media at that moment wroteContinue reading “Nemeth Parasol”

What’s behind the Murphy’s Law?

Everyone has ever heard about the Murphy’s Law or probably is familiar to people who has mentioned it. And everyone knows that this law is neither positive nor optimistic. In fact, the law says something that at first glance gives you some pessimism. The Murphy´s Law states “Anything that can go wrong will go wrong”.Continue reading “What’s behind the Murphy’s Law?”

Gliding flight in a helicopter?

Many of us know about the gliding capacity of airplanes, the fixed-wing aircraft can glide without the engine power until landing safely with appropriate conditions and well aerodynamic airplane performance. However, how do the helicopters overcome the lack of engine power in mid-flight? That is somewhat disturbing to know that there is an engine failure.Continue reading “Gliding flight in a helicopter?”

Wings: Until They Break

The wings are the most relevant parts of an airplane. They maintain the flight by the reaction forces against the air. Now, talking about the wing as a structural part of a plane, this is taken to the limit. Civil structures are tested, the aerospace structures are subject to dynamic and static forces, sometimes, untilContinue reading “Wings: Until They Break”

NACA

Have you ever wondered about the beginning of one of the most important aeronautical research institution? NACA, stands for: “National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics”, it’s an agency founded on March 3, 1915 in the United States to prioritize aeronautics during World War I. As we may know Wilbur and Orville Wright have studied aviation inContinue reading “NACA”

TBO: Trajectory-Based Operations

After the article about A-CDM (Airport Collaborative Decision Making), focussing on improving the overall airport performance at one specific airport, the next step is to focus on the bigger picture, away from just one single airport to the point of what happens at and in between two or even more airpots. This is where TBO,Continue reading “TBO: Trajectory-Based Operations”

What’s Behind A320-xxx Model Designation?

The Airbus A320 family has undoubtedly a wide range of members, visible at any airport. Some of us can see an Airbus and easily identify it whether it’s an A320, A321 or A318. They have their differences, in the structure, size, and of course, the performance. But what if you see an A320, the variantContinue reading “What’s Behind A320-xxx Model Designation?”

The RAVN X: The World’s Largest Drone

For years NASA has dominated delivering cargo and satellites to space, and now SpaceX seems to be doing the same almost every week. Sending cargo to space or delivering a satellite isn’t exactly cutting-edge tech these days. Liftoff usually starts with a ground-based rocket, which is expensive and time-consuming to launch. Aevum, a company launchedContinue reading “The RAVN X: The World’s Largest Drone”

The Experimental Aircraft Association

Founded by a dozen of aircraft homebuilders in 1953, the Experimental Aircraft Association became one of the most important forces in general aviation. It’s based in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, United States. Since it’s foundation, EAA has become increasingly internationally known with over 200,000 members and nearly 1,000 chapters worldwide, and it’s been established that the EAA hostsContinue reading “The Experimental Aircraft Association”

ATA 100 (Aeronautical Maintenance Documentation)

As known, ATA stands for “Air Transport Association”, an American organization. But when talking about it now, ATA 100 refers to a methodology of reference for numbering the aircraft documentation. Allowing the ease of understanding the procedures and topics of a specific item or part of the aircraft. Within the aviation field, this numbering systemContinue reading “ATA 100 (Aeronautical Maintenance Documentation)”

A-CDM: Airport Collaborative Decision Making

A-CDM stands for Airport Collaborative Decision Making and is, in contrast to most other projects or initiatives, about more than just one airport company (airport operator, air traffic control, airline, ground handler, any other stakeholder in the turnaround process) improving its own performance. It is all about creating a culture for all stakeholders working togetherContinue reading “A-CDM: Airport Collaborative Decision Making”

Airborne Observatory

It seems an airplane to observe, that is the name and the meaning. But all the aircraft seem to work under the same? Recognizance, spy or aerial surveying aircraft for mapping, they work in different scenarios and have different instruments to carry out the required task. An observatory as known is a location to observe,Continue reading “Airborne Observatory”

The First Airplane

On the fateful day of December 17, 1903, the first airplane flew for a distance of 120 feet over the sands Kill Devil Hill, North Carolina. The airplane was built by Orville and Wilbur Wright in a shop not far from the place of the momentous flight. Many have tried to accomplish flight before theContinue reading “The First Airplane”

Convair Sea Dart (The only supersonic seaplane)

Navy Strategy, the need of a supersonic interceptor plane in time when Jet engines were not as advanced as now. The need of an aircraft that could take off from the sea or a floating deck. There were many options and ideas that came up, planes powered with propellers were still being used in aircraftContinue reading “Convair Sea Dart (The only supersonic seaplane)”

What Do You Know About the Black Box?

Did you know that it’s not even black? Or a box? What? But after you learn the reasons why it’s not, it’ll make sense. Here are some interesting facts about the so-called “Black Box”. It’s not Black Why not? Because it’s already difficult to find it, so it needs to be painted a brighter colorContinue reading “What Do You Know About the Black Box?”

Reasons Why Food Doesn’t Always Taste Good on Planes

You probably wondered why airplane food is often tasteless and dull. Of course you cannot just blame every meal on board, however, it is just not the same as on land! Can you relate? There are a lot of factors that can change your sense of taste, but let’s have a look at the mostContinue reading “Reasons Why Food Doesn’t Always Taste Good on Planes”

How to Read a Weather Report like a Pilot

Pilots have various resources in order to know the weather. There are 3 main aviation reports that provide information about current weather conditions. In this article, we will learn and dissect one of them. The Meteorological Terminal Air Report (METAR) helps us know what is the current weather at an airport. It could be trickyContinue reading “How to Read a Weather Report like a Pilot”

What Are the Best Trainer Aircraft in the World?

Flight schools around the world use various types of trainer aircraft. In this article I will mention few of the best aircraft for training. Flight schools choose their aircraft according to what suits their training and vision. Nonetheless, all trainer airplanes are designed specifically to assist with the flight training of pilots and aircrew. PrivateContinue reading “What Are the Best Trainer Aircraft in the World?”

The Satellite That Started the Space Race

Right now, satellites surround our planet, nearly 6,000, circle the earth, with huge constellations and different features. Even some of unknown functions. However, these objects have improved the quality and technology in home as we may notice. We would not be surprised that Newton devised the idea because of the universal gravity force, and hisContinue reading “The Satellite That Started the Space Race”

Say No to Terrain Accidents – MSAW summarized

Flying too low is dangerous, many accidents happened due to flying at unsafe altitudes. This is why the MSAW function came to life. The Minimum Safe Altitude Warning is an automated warning system for air traffic controllers to prevent flying too low and causing terrain accidents. MSAW has the main purpose of enhancing safety byContinue reading “Say No to Terrain Accidents – MSAW summarized”

Flying Saucer “Avrocar”

A flying saucer made for the U.S. military, devised in the Cold War (period 1958-1959) by Canadian Scientists, was a completely top secret project. Avro Canada, a Canadian aircraft manufacturing company, designed and built two prototypes of this aircraft, under the funding of the U.S. military that believed on an “alien” looking plane. At thoseContinue reading “Flying Saucer “Avrocar””

The first woman to Fly the U-2 spy plane

Colonel Merryl Tengesdal, born in the Bronx, New York, in 1971 was the first and only African American woman to fly the United States Air Force’s U-2 spy plane, the unique and famous aircraft used to spy and reconnaissance flown in the Cold War over the Soviet Union, China, Vietnam, and Cuba. Merryl overcame andContinue reading “The first woman to Fly the U-2 spy plane”

P-750 XSTOL

An aircraft model that with its capabilities and performance, could surprise us, The P-750 XSTOL.  A not so widely known aircraft, such as cessna´s or piper´s. However, this plane has many things to offer because of its multi-disciplinary roles, applications and variants whether it is freighter, passengers, Spraying, Fire Fighting, and skydive operations.

Hijacked aircraft? The secret emergency codes

How can pilots give a sign to the air traffic controllers if a plane has been hijacked? Today we will talk about the special transponder codes. First of all, what is a transponder? The transponder is a must-have communication device in busy airspaces, it sends signals and gives information about the current aircraft and flight,Continue reading “Hijacked aircraft? The secret emergency codes”

Weightless route flight

The earth is always pulling us to its centre with its gravity, a force to which all bodies on the planet are subjected to. In the beginning of the space program of United States, reduced gravity was an important matter on the general body behavior, making this study as a key on space exploration andContinue reading “Weightless route flight”

The first high speed frontier.

260 years of unsolved and unknown regime of high speed dynamics of gases were broken with the significant flight of the Bell X-1 research vehicle installed under the B-29 bomber of World War II vintage, on October 14, 1947 in the Mojave Desert in California.

Flight on another planet (MARS)

Flights within the earth are possible taking into account our atmosphere composed of air. But when talking about flying through outer space or even an almost non-existent atmosphere or one that is composed of other gases like the planets in our solar system, propulsion methods and flight dynamics of the vehicles will be significantly affected.

The beginning of the helicopter era

The desire of vertical flight was always present, and it grew after the first successful flight of the wright flyer, but the technical limitations for reaching this did not give the needed result. Leonardo da Vinci illustrated a sophisticated “rotary-wing” similar to a helicopter, the main sketch that remain for years without any success.

The anniversary of the dream of world flight

A normal day like today, 14 december, 1986, the Voyager aircraft departed from Edwards Air Force Base in the Southern California using approximately 4.3 km of runway and a huge amount of fuel to fulfill the world record endurance without re-fueling and go around the world. Setting a world record that remains today it isContinue reading “The anniversary of the dream of world flight”

Rotate! What are V-Speeds?

In today’s article, we will talk about one of the most wonderful moments in aviation. Lean back, fasten your seatbelts, taxi to the runway, and enjoy your view while we take off! Have you ever asked yourself, how does a pilot know when to pull the yoke? Or how does he know whether to continueContinue reading “Rotate! What are V-Speeds?”

One engine rule (ETOPS)

We all wonder how a plane could fly if an engine fails, but it is more worrying if it is in the middle of miles and miles of ocean before finding a place to land safely. These same concerns were expressed by aircraft manufacturers and operators when they wanted their aircraft to cross the oceansContinue reading “One engine rule (ETOPS)”

787 updates and more

For the past 24 months, the manufacturer Boeing has been consistently reducing its monthly production tally. While the reductions make sense, there is still a disappointment at the manufacturers announced later last week that in 2021 their current plan of production of six 787’s a month would be reduced once again. By 2021,the company willContinue reading “787 updates and more”

Different condensation scenarios

Many of us have seen smoke, gases or fumes in the sky and it is pretty common to see large trail intersections like clouds. While flying, each aircraft can experience condensation in different ways, but each is produced by conditions ranging from altitude to temperature.

Why Flying is Safer Than Grocery Shopping During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Yes, that title is correct. Flying is safer than grocery shopping during this global pandemic. How could flying on a plane, the main cause for the spread of COVID-19, be safer than grocery shopping? It may seem unbelievable, but it’s true. Even the thought of flying during the pandemic may terrify many people, but restContinue reading “Why Flying is Safer Than Grocery Shopping During the COVID-19 Pandemic”

When fighter pilots need to use the bathroom

As we all usually know that fighter pilots work in a cramped cockpit and modern fighters do not have more person space. The developers of modern fighter jets such as the F-16 and the F-35 made the cockpit extremely small and the average height of design is around 5’10 to 6’2 and 210 pounds .

Signal to an aircraft

It is not only about piloting the aircraft but also driving to the boarding gates, that means taxiing the plane with a safe coordination to engine shutdown. How it is performed? A tool used as a standard in many air operations, the commonly known Marshalling Signals. These are intended for use by the signalman usingContinue reading “Signal to an aircraft”

How Can You Recognize the Type of a Commercial Airplane (Wide Body Airplanes) [Boeing]

Have you ever been sitting in the airport waiting for your flight whilst watching planes of different sizes taxiing, taking – off, and/or landing infront of you? Did that ever make you wonder what type of planes are these? And how specialists differentiate between them?

The biggest jet engine in the world.

Have you ever wondered how big the engines are while boarding an aircraft? Ever imagined yourself standing inside the engine as if it was a miniature room or car? Well, jet engines are quite the hefty big beasts as they should be able to generate enough thrust in order to lift up those huge aircraftContinue reading “The biggest jet engine in the world.”

How Can You Recognize the Type of a Commercial Airplane (Wide Body Airplanes) [Airbus]

Have you ever been sitting in the airport waiting for your flight whilst watching planes of different sizes taxiing, taking – off, and/or landing infront of you? Did that ever make you wonder what type of planes are these? And how specialists differentiate between them?

How Can You Recognize the Type of a Commercial Airplane (Narrow Body Airplanes) [Airbus & Boeing]

Have you ever been sitting in the airport waiting for your flight whilst watching planes with different sizes taxiing, taking – off, and/or landing infront of you? Did that ever make you wonder what type of planes are these? And how specialists differentiate between them?