Accidents involving vehicles of all sizes from bikes to trucks are something that we’ve all heard and seen. Whether it is two bikes crashing into one another or two trucks, the chances of such accidents on the road are extremely high. But when talking about airplanes, can two airplanes collide in mid-air? Well, simply consider the answer being, yes, but extremely rare. Such an accident can happen but why don’t we ever hear about it? That is the mystery to unravel. Let’s find out.
A mid-air collision is the same as when two cars crash head-on, the difference being the size, velocities, and medium. Mid-air-collision can be disastrous owing to the relatively high velocities involved and the likelihood of subsequent impact with the ground or sea, very severe damage or the destruction of at least one of the aircraft usually results. The potential for a mid-air collision is increased by miscommunication, mistrust, error in navigation, deviations from flight plans, lack of situational awareness, and the lack of collision-avoidance systems. Although a rare occurrence in general due to the vastness of open space available, collisions often happen near or at airports, where large volumes of aircraft are spaced more closely than in general flight.
Mid-air collisions tend to happen with smaller planes. Larger planes that carry hundreds of people have specific flight paths that are scheduled and tracked by the airlines and air traffic controllers. Smaller planes and helicopters that are operated for personal use, training, or in small commercial enterprises, such as sightseeing tours, are far more likely to experience an in-flight collision. This is due to the fact that these smaller planes may be less aware of one another than larger planes and do not necessarily have set schedules or firm flight paths.
Over 80% of all mid-air collisions occur when one plane tries to overtake another, often during the final approach. The sky is a highway for the pilots and the Air Traffic Controllers (ATC), every plane that is flying right now, has a different set of coordinates that it follows and a different flight path. No two same flights would be on the same course, coordinates, or height being a few feet apart. Every departing, cruising or arriving flight needs to meet a certain boundary for it to be considered in the safe zone and that boundary is set by the ATC and the on-board collision avoidance systems.
Apart from the ATC, the majority of all modern large aircraft are fitted with a traffic collision avoidance system (TCAS), which is designed to try to prevent mid-air collisions. The system is based on aircraft transponders’ signals that instantly alert pilots if a potential collision with another aircraft is imminent. Despite its limitations, it is believed to have greatly reduced mid-air collisions.
Heart break in 2002
Tragedy struck on the night of July 1, 2002, when two aircraft collided in mid-air over Überlingen, Germany, killing all souls on board both flights. The two ill-fated flights were a Bashkirian Airlines flight 2937 which was operating a Tupolev Tu-154 and DHL flight 611 which was operating a Boeing 757 freighter. This accident is what defines the term “Mid-Air Collision” perfectly. This is something that people rarely ever think of. The most unfortunate thing about this crash was that it could have been easily avoided. The collision occurred after the ATC personnel gave both aircraft the wrong instructions to follow. The TCAS instructed the crew of the TU-154 to descend, whereas the controller told them to climb while the crew at the 757 were already descending. Had both aircraft followed those automated instructions, the collision would not have occurred. They simply would have moved away from each other.
Not to worry
Systems like the TCAS are made to help the pilots in such situations and as the sky gets busier, safety changes are made and given maximum importance. Mid-air collisions are a very rare occurrence, however, something being rare does not mean something does not exist. Gladly, no serious accident has occurred in recent times. As years pass by, airplanes are fitted with the latest technologies one can only imagine, all with the single purpose to improve safety. So next time you’re flying on a plane, don’t bother waiting for an aircraft to come towards your window.
Are you dreaming of becoming a pilot? Aer Lingus & British Airways Cadet Program Paves the Way to a Flying Career
Embarking on an aviation career has always been a dream for countless individuals who are passionate about flying. The Aer Lingus Cadet and British Airways Cadet Program are remarkable opportunity that transforms these dreams into reality, offering aspiring pilots a structured and comprehensive pathway to becoming esteemed aviation professionals.
This article dives into the details of the Aer Lingus and BA Cadet Programs, highlighting its distinctive features, benefits, and the exciting journey it offers those who aspire to navigate the vast expanse of the sky.
Aer Lingus Cadet Program
The first and most important thing: Hurry up! The deadline approaches: you can send your application till the 16/08/2023 by 17:00 GMT.
The cadet program offers intense and structured training (around 14 months) that covers all aspects of piloting. From theoretical classroom instruction to hands-on flight experience, cadets undergo a thorough training regimen that prepares them for the challenges of the aviation industry. The training is held at the famous FTE Jerez, in southern Spain. Successful candidates will be offered a Type Rating (which lasts about 12 weeks) on the most used plane in Europe: Airbus A320, and the base will be obviously Dublin.
The minimum and educational criteria are listed in the offer. There is also a comprehensive Q&A that answers the most asked question and a friendly welcome video about the airline’s new livery. According to the cadet website, the ideal cadet “will need to possess excellent communication, problem-solving and teamwork skills, as well as an appreciation of the service our customers expect.” The course is totally bonded from the airline, which means there will be a bond to cover the cost of the training and other associated costs, and for a period after the cadet commences as a First Officer.
BA Cadet Program: The Speedbird Pilot Academy
Unlikely the Aer Lingus one, for this cadet program, you do not need to be in a rush since the applications are currently still closed and will open in September 2023. It’s anyway worth having a look at the conditions and requirements; as September approaches, British is setting the maximum number of cadets: 60. If you wanna be part of the lucky (and skilled) “60”, have a look at the minimum requirements and don’t miss the deadline application. The strictest requirement of British Airways is the language: the airline is asking the candidate to obtain an ICAO 6 in the English language.
The ICAO Aviation Language certificate can be obtained directly with the CAA or through a recognized and authorized language school. The ICAO 6 certificate is particularly useful since it has no expiration date (unlikely ICAO4 and 5, which last respectively 4 and 5 years).
The training with BA will last about 18 months, and exactly as for the Aer Lingus Cadet Program, it’s fully funded by the airline. For more questions, on the 22nd of August, BA will be running a live Q&A session between 12 and 13 (UK Time). More info and the link to join the call are here: Come and Meet us (ba.com)
Are you dreaming of becoming a pilot, but you never had a chance due to economic problems or lack of motivation? Well, this is your chance! Apply and give your best to realize your dream!
Flag Carriers as a Symbol of Honor: Between Past and Present
Most of the world’s countries have their flag carriers for financial and national duties. A flag carrier is considered an international representative of a country as it stands as a symbol of pride. Therefore, some passengers are keen to ride the flag carrier of their countries as it reflects their identity. However, what is the history of flag carriers?
History of Flag Carriers:
The term “flag carrier” emerged when countries established state-owned airline companies. However, because of the high cost of running such companies, the governments took the initiative to support these companies financially. At this time, there were many airline companies entirely owned by governments. However, a flag carrier can be subsidized or owned by the country, and it has preferential rights or privileges by the government for international operations. In the innovation industry, flag carriers have both financial and symbolic importance. Thus, most countries of the world have their flag carriers.
Countries have Flag Carriers:
Most countries have their flag carriers representing their identity and nationalism worldwide. Examples of these flag carriers are:
- Air France
- Oman Air
- Qatar Airways
However, nowadays, it is not conditionally an airline owned or subsidized by a country. The literal meaning of a flag carrier is an airline carrying its country’s flag worldwide. Now, it can be an airline the country supports to be its flag carrier. For example, the British Kingdom does not own British Airways, but it carries the British flag all over the world. The people recognize it as the British flag carrier. However, some countries do not have a flag carrier but have two, like the United Arab Emirates, but why?
The UAE Has Two Flag Carriers:
If a flag carrier is a symbol of identity and pride, does having two change the equation? The answer to this question is that it does not change the equation this much, but it is more like meeting the country’s needs. Having a two-flag carrier is normal for a country, such as the UAE, in this geopolitical situation. The two Flag carriers are Emirates, the first flag carrier based in Dubai, and Etihad Airways, the second flag carrier based in Abu Dhabi. The royal family established both airlines. Though the UAE has two flag carriers, some of the countries do not have any, such as the US, but why?
The US has no Flag Carrier:
It is true that now the United States of America has no flag carrier, but this has not been the case in the past. In the past, the US had Pan Am, the unofficial US flag carrier in the 20th century. However, running an airline costs a lot. Pan Am could not stand the market and went bankrupt in 1991. Since then, the US has not had a flag carrier, though it has major international airlines, such as American Airlines. Regardless of the current situation of the flag carriers, what are the expectations for their future?
The Future of Flag Carriers:
As we live in the era of technology, predicting the future of something is not a wise move. However, the competition in the aviation market is so fierce, and running an airline company is not a joke. Seeking honor and pride in running an airline is great. However, the competition in the market knows nothing about honor and pride. Maybe, some of the flag carriers will prosper, and some of them will vanish. This thing only time can tell.
Flying Cars: The Future of Transportation?
Flying cars have been a dream of science fiction writers for decades, but they are now becoming a reality. Many companies are working on developing these cars, and some of them are already making significant progress.
What are flying cars?
Flying cars are vehicles that can take off and land vertically, like a helicopter. They are also capable of flying horizontally, like an airplane. This makes them a versatile form of transportation that can be used for both personal and commercial purposes.
There are two main types of these cars: eVTOLs (electric vertical takeoff and landing vehicles) and tilt rotors. eVTOLs use electric motors to power their rotors, while tilt rotors use a combination of electric motors and propellers.
The different types of flying cars
There are many different types of flying cars being developed, each with its own unique features and capabilities. Here are a few examples:
PAL-V Liberty: The PAL-V Liberty is a tilt-rotor that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 160 mph and a range of 100 miles.
AeroMobil 3.0: AeroMobil 3.0 is another tilt rotor that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 200 mph and a range of 435 miles.
eVTOL Volocopter: The eVTOL Volocopter is an electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 62 mph and a range of 22 miles.
SkyDrive SD-03: The SkyDrive SD-03 is an eVTOL that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 50 mph and a range of 62 miles.
The challenges of the developing
There are a number of challenges that need to be overcome before these cars become mainstream. One challenge is safety. Flying cars need to be extremely safe in order to be approved for public use. Another challenge is regulation. Governments must develop new regulations for flying cars before they can be flown in our airspace.
The Potential Impact
If successful, flying cars could revolutionize commuting, travel, and logistics by making those activities faster, easier, and more flexible. Their future impact depends on overcoming hurdles related to safety, cost, and regulations. With progress in those areas, flying cars could become commonplace in the next few decades, fundamentally changing transportation.
The Future of Flying Cars
The transition to flying vehicles holds great potential for improving mobility. While still a developing technology, continued progress by companies working on these cars indicates they may ultimately transform how we move about and deliver goods.
“Flying cars are the future of transportation. They’re faster, more convenient, and more environmentally friendly than cars or airplanes.” – Elon Musk
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