Decades ago, airplanes started to get more and more automated than ever. The result is a rise in safety on and off the ground. Autopilot was a system that was already installed on several large airplanes over the years but the introduction of ILS has changed how many see airports and landings. What exactly is ILS?
What is an ILS?
ILS (Instrument Landing System) is a system which is a radio navigation aid that directs the aircraft towards the runway for landing. In simpler words, it acts like a glide path or an automated route that the aircraft follows while landing and safely touches the ground. It shows the pilots if they are at the correct height for the approach and how far left or right the aircraft is from the runway centerline. Originally, it allows an aircraft to approach until it is 200 feet (61 m) over the ground, within a 1⁄2 mile of the runway. In the majority of the cases, the ILS provides an accurate and precise signal that allows the plane to land itself. This system is most useful when it is cloudy or visibility is extremely poor, as it allows the pilots to fly the aircraft down to the runway, even if they only manage to see the runway in the final few seconds.
How does it work?
It is used to help provide lateral and vertical guidance to the pilots when landing an aircraft. The ILS works by sending two directional radio signals, the localizer (108 to 112 MHz frequency), one of them telling the pilots if they or high or low and the other one telling them if they are left or right of the runway centerline. The relationship between the aircraft’s position and these signals is displayed on an aircraft instrument, often additional pointers in the attitude indicator. The ILS receiver on the aircraft measures the difference in depth of modulation (DDPM) between the signals. The radio beam signals are interpreted by the aircraft’s computer systems and relay this information to the pilots. The pilots are then able to make corrections to the aircraft’s flight path to ensure it remains in-line with the runway and descends at the correct rate. More often the pilots only need to trim the aircraft to the path. Either the autopilot can fly the approach, or it can be manually flown by the pilots. In some conditions, such as when it’s very foggy, only the autopilot can land the aircraft as the pilots would not have sufficient time and clear vision to see the runway and react if they only saw the runway at the last second.
Types of ILS
ILS’s are categorized into 3 types. CAT I, CAT II, and CAT III. A Category III approach allows the autopilot to land the aircraft itself, however, a CAT I approach requires the pilot to land the aircraft. ILS’s aren’t available at all airports, some airports have other navigation aids available to help guide the aircraft, but these are less accurate which restricts the weather in which the pilots can land. ILS’s tend to be utilized regardless of how far the pilots can see the runway due to their accurate guidance. They can be used to facilitate an approach and enhance the flight crew’s situational awareness. Such systems are rapidly increasing as years pass by to improve safety for everyone.
- https://altigator.com/ (Cover photo)
Are you dreaming of becoming a pilot? Aer Lingus & British Airways Cadet Program Paves the Way to a Flying Career
Embarking on an aviation career has always been a dream for countless individuals who are passionate about flying. The Aer Lingus Cadet and British Airways Cadet Program are remarkable opportunity that transforms these dreams into reality, offering aspiring pilots a structured and comprehensive pathway to becoming esteemed aviation professionals.
This article dives into the details of the Aer Lingus and BA Cadet Programs, highlighting its distinctive features, benefits, and the exciting journey it offers those who aspire to navigate the vast expanse of the sky.
Aer Lingus Cadet Program
The first and most important thing: Hurry up! The deadline approaches: you can send your application till the 16/08/2023 by 17:00 GMT.
The cadet program offers intense and structured training (around 14 months) that covers all aspects of piloting. From theoretical classroom instruction to hands-on flight experience, cadets undergo a thorough training regimen that prepares them for the challenges of the aviation industry. The training is held at the famous FTE Jerez, in southern Spain. Successful candidates will be offered a Type Rating (which lasts about 12 weeks) on the most used plane in Europe: Airbus A320, and the base will be obviously Dublin.
The minimum and educational criteria are listed in the offer. There is also a comprehensive Q&A that answers the most asked question and a friendly welcome video about the airline’s new livery. According to the cadet website, the ideal cadet “will need to possess excellent communication, problem-solving and teamwork skills, as well as an appreciation of the service our customers expect.” The course is totally bonded from the airline, which means there will be a bond to cover the cost of the training and other associated costs, and for a period after the cadet commences as a First Officer.
BA Cadet Program: The Speedbird Pilot Academy
Unlikely the Aer Lingus one, for this cadet program, you do not need to be in a rush since the applications are currently still closed and will open in September 2023. It’s anyway worth having a look at the conditions and requirements; as September approaches, British is setting the maximum number of cadets: 60. If you wanna be part of the lucky (and skilled) “60”, have a look at the minimum requirements and don’t miss the deadline application. The strictest requirement of British Airways is the language: the airline is asking the candidate to obtain an ICAO 6 in the English language.
The ICAO Aviation Language certificate can be obtained directly with the CAA or through a recognized and authorized language school. The ICAO 6 certificate is particularly useful since it has no expiration date (unlikely ICAO4 and 5, which last respectively 4 and 5 years).
The training with BA will last about 18 months, and exactly as for the Aer Lingus Cadet Program, it’s fully funded by the airline. For more questions, on the 22nd of August, BA will be running a live Q&A session between 12 and 13 (UK Time). More info and the link to join the call are here: Come and Meet us (ba.com)
Are you dreaming of becoming a pilot, but you never had a chance due to economic problems or lack of motivation? Well, this is your chance! Apply and give your best to realize your dream!
Flag Carriers as a Symbol of Honor: Between Past and Present
Most of the world’s countries have their flag carriers for financial and national duties. A flag carrier is considered an international representative of a country as it stands as a symbol of pride. Therefore, some passengers are keen to ride the flag carrier of their countries as it reflects their identity. However, what is the history of flag carriers?
History of Flag Carriers:
The term “flag carrier” emerged when countries established state-owned airline companies. However, because of the high cost of running such companies, the governments took the initiative to support these companies financially. At this time, there were many airline companies entirely owned by governments. However, a flag carrier can be subsidized or owned by the country, and it has preferential rights or privileges by the government for international operations. In the innovation industry, flag carriers have both financial and symbolic importance. Thus, most countries of the world have their flag carriers.
Countries have Flag Carriers:
Most countries have their flag carriers representing their identity and nationalism worldwide. Examples of these flag carriers are:
- Air France
- Oman Air
- Qatar Airways
However, nowadays, it is not conditionally an airline owned or subsidized by a country. The literal meaning of a flag carrier is an airline carrying its country’s flag worldwide. Now, it can be an airline the country supports to be its flag carrier. For example, the British Kingdom does not own British Airways, but it carries the British flag all over the world. The people recognize it as the British flag carrier. However, some countries do not have a flag carrier but have two, like the United Arab Emirates, but why?
The UAE Has Two Flag Carriers:
If a flag carrier is a symbol of identity and pride, does having two change the equation? The answer to this question is that it does not change the equation this much, but it is more like meeting the country’s needs. Having a two-flag carrier is normal for a country, such as the UAE, in this geopolitical situation. The two Flag carriers are Emirates, the first flag carrier based in Dubai, and Etihad Airways, the second flag carrier based in Abu Dhabi. The royal family established both airlines. Though the UAE has two flag carriers, some of the countries do not have any, such as the US, but why?
The US has no Flag Carrier:
It is true that now the United States of America has no flag carrier, but this has not been the case in the past. In the past, the US had Pan Am, the unofficial US flag carrier in the 20th century. However, running an airline costs a lot. Pan Am could not stand the market and went bankrupt in 1991. Since then, the US has not had a flag carrier, though it has major international airlines, such as American Airlines. Regardless of the current situation of the flag carriers, what are the expectations for their future?
The Future of Flag Carriers:
As we live in the era of technology, predicting the future of something is not a wise move. However, the competition in the aviation market is so fierce, and running an airline company is not a joke. Seeking honor and pride in running an airline is great. However, the competition in the market knows nothing about honor and pride. Maybe, some of the flag carriers will prosper, and some of them will vanish. This thing only time can tell.
Flying Cars: The Future of Transportation?
Flying cars have been a dream of science fiction writers for decades, but they are now becoming a reality. Many companies are working on developing these cars, and some of them are already making significant progress.
What are flying cars?
Flying cars are vehicles that can take off and land vertically, like a helicopter. They are also capable of flying horizontally, like an airplane. This makes them a versatile form of transportation that can be used for both personal and commercial purposes.
There are two main types of these cars: eVTOLs (electric vertical takeoff and landing vehicles) and tilt rotors. eVTOLs use electric motors to power their rotors, while tilt rotors use a combination of electric motors and propellers.
The different types of flying cars
There are many different types of flying cars being developed, each with its own unique features and capabilities. Here are a few examples:
PAL-V Liberty: The PAL-V Liberty is a tilt-rotor that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 160 mph and a range of 100 miles.
AeroMobil 3.0: AeroMobil 3.0 is another tilt rotor that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 200 mph and a range of 435 miles.
eVTOL Volocopter: The eVTOL Volocopter is an electric vertical takeoff and landing (eVTOL) that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 62 mph and a range of 22 miles.
SkyDrive SD-03: The SkyDrive SD-03 is an eVTOL that is currently in development. It has a top speed of 50 mph and a range of 62 miles.
The challenges of the developing
There are a number of challenges that need to be overcome before these cars become mainstream. One challenge is safety. Flying cars need to be extremely safe in order to be approved for public use. Another challenge is regulation. Governments must develop new regulations for flying cars before they can be flown in our airspace.
The Potential Impact
If successful, flying cars could revolutionize commuting, travel, and logistics by making those activities faster, easier, and more flexible. Their future impact depends on overcoming hurdles related to safety, cost, and regulations. With progress in those areas, flying cars could become commonplace in the next few decades, fundamentally changing transportation.
The Future of Flying Cars
The transition to flying vehicles holds great potential for improving mobility. While still a developing technology, continued progress by companies working on these cars indicates they may ultimately transform how we move about and deliver goods.
“Flying cars are the future of transportation. They’re faster, more convenient, and more environmentally friendly than cars or airplanes.” – Elon Musk
American Airlines Airbus A319 Diverts to Memphis After Engine Shutdown: An In-Depth Look
An American Airlines Airbus A319, operated by Fort Worth-based American Airlines, encountered engine problems mid-flight, resulting in an emergency landing...
United Airlines’ $1.25 Million Investment Empowers STEM Education in Schools
United Airlines has announced a remarkable initiative to allocate $1.25 million towards funding various STEM projects in schools across selected...
LATAM Airlines Pilot Dies En Route from Miami to Santiago
In a rare and tragic incident, a LATAM Airlines pilot passed away mid-flight during a scheduled journey from Miami to...
American Airlines Passengers Amazed as Service Dog Secures Three Seats for Comfortable Flight
In a heartwarming and surprising scene aboard a recent American Airlines flight, passengers were treated to the sight of an...
Australia’s Rejection of Qatar Airways Expansion Could Incur $500 Million Annual Loss
Australia’s recent denial of Doha-based Qatar Airways’ request to expand its operations in the country is expected to result in...
Riyadh Air Announces Partnership with Atlético de Madrid in Landmark Sports Sponsorship
Saudi-based startup, Riyadh Air, in a groundbreaking announcement, has confirmed its multi-year partnership with the esteemed Spanish football club, Atlético...
Air India Unveils New Livery and Logo
Air India (AI) has announced a significant rebranding, unveiling its new livery colors and logo. While maintaining its signature red...
Jazeera Airways Expands Fleet and Boosts Revenue by 26% in First Half of 2023
Fleet Expansion and New Routes Drive Impressive Passenger Growth Kuwaiti airline Jazeera Airways recently announced its financial results for the...
60,000 American Airlines Advantage Miles Stolen From a Hacker
In a recent incident, an American Airlines frequent flyer fell victim to a hacker who stole over 60,000 AAdvantage miles...
Emirates Celebrates 20 Years of Service in New Zealand
Emirates, the Dubai-based airline, is celebrating its 20th anniversary of service in New Zealand. The airline began its inaugural flights...
An interview with LATAM airlines’ Chief Commercial Officer, Marty St. George
AVIATION AFRICA 2023: Pioneering the Future of African Aviation in Abuja
Airbus Unveils New Automated A321XLR Equipping Hangar in Hamburg
American Airlines Airbus A319 Diverts to Memphis After Engine Shutdown: An In-Depth Look
Efficiency Takes Flight: Discover the Top Five US Airports for On-Time Departures
Aviation News11 months ago
Antonov An-225 to be Rebuilt After Being Destroyed in Ukraine
Aviation Stories12 months ago
A Boeing 747 Once Flew With 5 Engines
Aviation3 years ago
SpaceX’s historic crew launch.
Informative12 months ago
Heads-Up-Displays (HUDs) And How It Works
Informative10 months ago
Why Does The Airbus A340 Have 4 Smaller Engines?
Informative2 years ago
Antonov An-225 Mriya: The Plane With 32 Wheels
airbus2 years ago
Airbus Beluga vs Boeing Dreamlifter
Informative5 months ago
Why the Airbus A380 Only Utilizes Reverse Thrust on Its Inner Engines