We already know what VFR stands for, visual flight rules, but what is Special VFR? First, let’s recap, visual flight rules (VFR) is a set of rules under which a pilot operates an aircraft in generally fair weather where the pilot can clearly see where the plane is going. Generally, the basic VFR minimums are, visibility should be at least 3 statute miles and distance from clouds should be 500ft below, 1000ft above, and 2000ft horizontal. So, what’s the difference between basic VFR and Special VFR? What makes it so special?

I know what you’re thinking: Flying cars have a history? Do they even exist? At least that’s what I also thought, and it turns out it’s a long one. It starts in 1917 with Glenn Curtiss, who built the Curtiss autoplane, a combination between an automobile and an airplane, it was something unheard of back then. It looked like a car but with wings attached, so obviously, it never flew. It was only capable of making “short hops”. The good news is that it was the first stepping stone towards the exploration of the possibility of having flying cars in the future.

Even the name sounds awesome, Supermarine Spitfire, no offence Boeing, you’re still my favorite aircraft, love you. Anyway, the amazing Supermarine Spitfire is a British single-seat fighter aircraft, it was used by the Royal Air Force and the other Allied countries before, during, and after WWII. It’s extremely famous, I would be really surprised if you didn’t know about it, I personally found out about the aircraft a week ago. So let us learn more about this incredible aircraft that defeated the German air attacks during the battle of Britain together.

What is risk management? it is the vital process of making constructive and effective decisions. It includes two frequently-used tools: PAVE and the 5Ps. I chose to write, in detail, about the 5Ps checklist because I simply prefer it and feel it pays attention to the smallest detail. This checklist is crucial for the flight and that is why a pilot goes through it thoroughly. But why is it so important? Because it helps the pilot make fundamental and careful conclusions.

In the history of aviation, the goal to fly vertically was not far away from application. The world’s first practical vertical flight other than hot air balloons was accomplished by Igor Sikorsky who was the designer and the pilot for VS-300 helicopter. The design was using a single main rotor and single tail rotor.

It’s not easy being a pilot, one mistake and it’s game over. Studies have shown that certain attitudes can interfere with a pilot’s better judgment and they are called “hazardous” attitudes for a reason. What makes them a real issue is that sometimes these attitudes are part of someone’s personality and that is not something a person can easily shake off. That is why pilots are incredible people because not only do they study and train hard for their career, they also need to have great self-control and the ability to change major aspects of their personalities to become better pilots. So what are the 5 hazardous attitudes that if not addressed will make a bad pilot?