The Airbus 320 family is a line of narrow-body aircraft designed and manufactured by Airbus.
In March 1984, the A320 was introduced, followed by the longer A321 in January 1994, the shorter A319 in April 1996, and the much shorter A318 in July 2003.
The A320-100 and A320-200 are two variations of the A320 series. There were just 21 A320-100s built.
Wingtip fences and higher fuel capacity for enhanced range are the main differences between the -200 and the -100.
In 1988, a new A320 cost $30 million, rising to $40 million by the end of the decade, a 30% rise below inflation. After 2001, it fell to $37 million, peaked at $47 million in 2008, and then stabilized at $40–42 million until the changeover to the A320neo. It was listed for $101.0 million in 2018.
Things to know about A320
- In December 2010, A320 neo was introduced by Airbus.
- The A320neo has new, more efficient engines, as well as upgrades to the airframe and the inclusion of winglets known as Sharklets by Airbus. The airplane will save up to 15% on fuel consumption. More than 70 airlines had ordered 5,053 A320neo family aircraft as of May 2017, making it the fastest-selling commercial aircraft ever. On January 20, 2016, Lufthansa received the first A320neo, which commenced service on January 25, 2016.
- After the Boeing 737, the Airbus A320 is the second best-selling aircraft of all time.
- Airbus has sold 15,522 A320-family planes through the end of February 2020, compared to 15,156 Boeing 737 orders.
- In comparison to the Boeing 737 MAX8, the A320neo uses 4-6 percent less fuel per seat.
- The Airbus A320 family is among the lowest accident rates of any aircraft type.
- A320 takes around a month to finish.
Special Facts about A320
- In a single-aisle plane, economy class seats are wider, and business class seats are fully flat. There’s also 60 percent greater luggage capacity and the biggest single-aisle cabin.
- The A320 has a range of up to 4000 nautical miles.
- It can withstand temperatures between -35 and 52 degrees Celsius.
- Every 2 seconds, an A320 Family aircraft takes off and lands.
- An A320 may be recycled 85 percent of the way through its operating life.
- In fewer than 20 seconds, the A320 can accelerate from 0 to 200 km/h.s
- Its engine can generate enough electricity to power 30 ordinary apartments.
- After the Concorde, the A320 was the second commercial aircraft to adopt “Fly by Wire” technology. This computerized flight control system allows the pilot to input control surfaces using a side control joystick, rather than the traditional quadrant approach of utilizing a joystick or half wheel in front of the pilot. Although this technology had previously been used in fighter planes, it was the first time it was used in a commercial airliner.
Aside from the A320’s 155.5-inch wide single-aisle cabin (3.94m). Large cargo hold is available. Large doors are installed on the aircraft to aid in the loading and unloading of cargo.
It also has an ECAM (Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitor), which provides the crew with information on the aircraft’s systems.
The cockpit has two seats, one for each pilot, as well as primary flying and navigation displays for the Thales / VDO electronic flight and information system (EFIS). The primary flight display includes information such as speed, altitude, and direction. Two Thales / VDO electronic central aircraft monitor screens are located in the center portion between the pilot’s and co-instrument pilot’s displays.
The aircraft is the first commercial subsonic aircraft to include fly-by-wire controls. Each pilot has a sidestick controller instead of a central control column and aileron wheel.
Thales / SFENA provided the fly-by-wire technology. Five separate computers manage the digital fly-by-wire technology.
The flight control system includes flight envelope protection, which prevents moves that would exceed the aircraft’s structural and aerodynamic restrictions. Even if the pilot holds the sidestick fully back, the aircraft’s flying speed is kept above stall speed, and the throttles are automatically increased to enable a successful positive climb.
- Main Photo : credit to : https://www.wikidata.org/wiki/Q6475