The Mystery of the Second Antonov An-225: Why Was It Never Completed?

The devastating loss of the first and only operational Antonov An-225 Mriya, the world’s largest aircraft, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, has shaken the aviation world. As the aviation community mourns the demise of this unparalleled marvel of engineering, attention turns to the enigmatic second An-225. A partially-constructed behemoth that never took to the skies, the story of the second Antonov An-225 is one of ambition, political upheaval, and unrealized potential. This article delves into the reasons behind the second An-225 stalled development and explores the mystery surrounding its incomplete status.

Second Antonov An-225

The Birth of a Legend

The Antonov An-225 ‘Mriya’ (meaning ‘dream’ in Ukrainian) was initially designed and built to support the Soviet space program. It replaced the Myasishchev VM-T ‘Atlant’ and was tasked with carrying the program’s ‘Buran’ orbiters. The An-225 first took flight in December 1988 and soon became a symbol of the Soviet Union’s technical prowess, capturing the imagination of aviation enthusiasts worldwide.

Second Antonov An-225
Photo by Demo Borstell via

The Soviet space program initially ordered two An-225s to carry its orbiters and boosters, but ultimately, only the first was delivered. The second An-225 began construction in the 1980s, but its completion was interrupted by events that would change the course of history.

READ MORE: Antonov An-225 Mriya: The Plane With 32 Wheels

The Unraveling of a Dream

The fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 had far-reaching consequences, including the abrupt end of its Buran space program. This development left the first An-225 without a purpose, and it was subsequently placed into storage in 1994. The partially-built second An-225 also met a similar fate, with its construction abruptly ending.

Second Antonov An-225
Photo by Suzuran

Hopes for the second An-225’s completion were briefly revived in the early 2000s when Antonov aimed to have the aircraft ready by 2008. However, the target was soon delayed, and by 2009, construction had been abandoned once again, with the aircraft reportedly 60-70% complete.

XL Antonov An-225 Mriya model From AirModels

Economic viability played a significant role in the decision to halt construction. In more recent years, Antonov’s CEO declared that finishing the second An-225 had become economically unviable, particularly considering the limited operations of the existing An-225.

The Lingering Mystery of the Second Antonov An-225

Second Antonov An-225

With the destruction of the first and only operational An-225, the story of the second An-225 becomes even more poignant. Had it been completed, the world would have seen two colossal aircraft, each showcasing the incredible capabilities of human engineering. Yet, the lingering questions surrounding the fate of the second An-225 remain unanswered, leaving aviation enthusiasts and historians to wonder how different the story might have been under altered circumstances.

READ ALSO: Antonov An-225 to be Rebuilt After Being Destroyed in Ukraine

As the aviation industry evolves and the need for larger and more efficient cargo aircraft continues to grow, the spirit of innovation and ambition embodied by the Antonov An-225 Mriya will live on. Though the second An-225 remains an unfinished dream, its legacy serves as a testament to human engineering and perseverance in the face of adversity.

As aviation enthusiasts worldwide mourn the loss of the first An-225 and ponder the fate of its unfinished sibling, we are left with a burning question: Could the second An-225 ever find its way to the skies, or will it remain a dormant dream, a symbol of a bygone era in aviation history?

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