Sat. Mar 4th, 2023
The Differences Between the Different Boeing 777 Variants

The 777 is an example of Boeing engineering at its finest. The aircraft manufacturer was able to expand into new markets while keeping its European competitor at bay. But how do the different Boeing 777 variants differ from one another? Let’s figure it out!

Boeing 777 family

The Differences Between the Different Boeing 777 Variants
Credits: Boeing

The 777 is Boeing’s best-selling widebody to date and has been a huge success for the company. Based on deliveries through October 2022, a total of 1,696 of this type have been built since 1993. The aircraft made its inaugural flight on June 12th, 1994, and after joining United Airlines on June 7th, 1995, it quickly established itself as a market standard. The following list is Boeing 777’s variants:

  • Boeing 777 ‘classics’ (the first generation):
    • Boeing 777-200 (The original Boeing 777. First flight: 1994)
    • Boeing 777-200ER (First flight: 1996)
    • Boeing 777-300 (First flight: 1997)
  • Boeing 777 ‘s second-generation models:
    • Boeing 777-300ER (First flight: 2003)
    • Boeing 777-200LR (First flight: 2005)
    • Boeing 777-200F (First flight: 2009)
  • Boeing 777x:
    • Boeing 777-9
    • Boeing 777-8

Boeing 777-200s

Boeing 777 Variants
A Boeing 777-200LR for Qatar Airways
Credits: Hayden Lamb Photography

On October 14, 1990, US legacy airline United placed an order for 34 aircraft (with an option for 34 more), becoming the type’s inaugural customer. On June 7th, 1995, the regular 777-200 aircraft entered service with the same airline, marking the beginning of the 777-200’s career as a commercial jet. Boeing began work on the 777-200ER, an extended-range version of the aircraft, after creating and launching the standard widebody aircraft that airlines desired. The aircraft was the most popular 777 variant with improved long-distance capabilities until the early 2000s.

The 777-200LR, another long-range subvariant, was certified by the FAA and EASA in February 2006. Pakistan International Airlines was the launch customer. By flying from Hong Kong to London the long way around, it completed the longest airline flight in history in November 2005. This measured a distance of 21,602 km (11,664 NM), according to Upgraded Points. Here’s a comparison between the specifications of the three 777-200s:

Passengers (3-class)305301301
Range5,240 NM (9,700 km)7,065 NM (13,080 km)8,555 NM (15,843 km)
Length63.7 Metres (209 feet 1 inch)63.7 Metres (209 feet 1 inch)63.7 Metres (209 feet 1 inch)
Wingspan60.9 Metres (199 feet 11 inches)60.9 Metres (199 feet 11 inches)64.8 Metres (212 feet 7 inches)
Tail Height18.5 Metres (60 feet 9 inches)18.5 Metres (60 feet 9 inches)18.6 Metres (61 feet 1 inch)
Engine (2x)PW 4077RR 877GE90-77BPW 4090RR 895GE90-94BGE90-110B1GE90-115B1
A comparison between the three 777-200s

Boeing 777-300s

Boeing 777 Variants
A Boeing 777-300ER for Saudia
Credits: Akbarali Mastan

The Boeing 777-300 was a simple expansion stretch to carry more passengers. Cathay Pacific was the variant’s launch customer, and it was proven to be popular in Asian nations. The 777-300’s larger fuel tanks gave it a longer range, but range enhancements weren’t incorporated into the design until the following generation; the 777-300ER.

Early in 2003, the Boeing 777-300ER completed its first test flight, and Air France put it into service a year later. The aircraft has sold over 800 units and is still being produced. The 777-300ER’s “ER” designation refers to its 20% longer range than the 777-300. Here’s a comparison between the specifications of the two 777-300s:

Passengers (3-class)368365
Range6,006 NM (11,120 km)7,370 NM (13,649 km)
Length73.9 Metres (242 feet 4 inches)73.9 Metres (242 feet 4 inches)
Wingspan60.9 Metres (199 feet 11 inches)64.8 Metres (212 feet 7 inches)
Tail Height18.5 Metres(60 feet 8 inches)18.5 Metres(60 feet 8 inches)
Engine (2x)PW 4098RR 892GE90-92B/GE90-94B GE90-115B1
A comparison between the specifications of the two 777-300s

Boeing 777x

Boeing 777 Variants
Boeing 777-9
Credits: Boeing

The Boeing 777X is the latest series of the Boeing 777 family, featuring new GE9X engines, new composite wings with folding wingtips, increased cabin width, and seating capacity, and Boeing 787 technologies. It was launched in November 2013 with two variants: the 777-8 and the 777-9. It took off for the first time on the 25th of January, 2020. According to Boeing, Lufthansa is to be the launch customer for the 777x (777-9) with an anticipated date of time of delivery to be by the early months of 2025. Here’s a comparison between the specifications of the two 777x variants:

Passengers (3-class)384426
Range8,730 NM (16,170 km)7,285 NM (13,500 km)
Length69.79 Metres (229 feet)76.72 Metres (251 feet 9 inches)
WingspanFolded: 64.8m (212ft 8in) 
Unfolded: 71.75m (235ft 5in)
Folded: 64.8m (212ft 8in) 
Unfolded: 71.75m (235ft 5in)
Tail Height19.48 Metres (63 feet 11 inches)19.68 Metres (64 feet 7 inches)
Engine (2x)General Electric GE9X-105B1AGeneral Electric GE9X-105B1A
A comparison between the specifications of the two 777x variants
YOU MIGHT BE INTERESTED IN READING: What can we expect from the Boeing 777X?

The freighter variants of the 777 family

Boeing 777F vs. Boeing 777-8F

Boeing 777F

B777F for Qatar Airways - Boeing 777 Variants
B777F for Qatar Airways
Credits: Yui.F

Boeing introduced the 777 Freighter in May 2005. The 777 Freighter, which is based on the 777-200LR platform, can travel 4,900 nautical miles (9,070 km) with a full payload at general cargo market densities, making it the most powerful twin-engine freighter in the world. The aircraft began flying in February 2009

Boeing 777-8F

Boeing 777-8F - Boeing 777 Variants

The Boeing 777-8F will have a 8,167 km range and a maximum structural payload of 118 tonnes. The 777-8F has about the same cargo capacity as the 747-400 freighter while using 30% less fuel, emitting 25% less emissions, and incurring 25% less in operational costs. Boeing believes that these advantages will give operators a more enduring and successful business. The 777-8F was launched in January 2022, and its expected to witness its first delivery by 2027. Here’s a comparison between the specifications of the two 777 freighter variants:

Total cargo volume518 m3 (18293 ft3)766 m3 (27,056 ft3)
Range4.885 NM (9.047 km)4,410 NM (8,167 km)
Length63.73 m (209 ft 1 inch)Folded: 64.8m (212ft 8in) 
Unfolded: 70.86m (232ft 5in)
Wingspan64.80 m (212 ft 7 inches)71.8 m (235 feet 5 inches)
Height18.99 m (62 ft 4 inches)19.5 m (64 ft)
Engine (2x)GE90-110B1General Electric GE9X-105B1A
A comparison between the specifications of the two 777 freighter variants

Which of these variants is your favourite? Leave us a comment with your thought!


By Youssef Yahya

Youssef is the president and founder of Aviation for Aviators; in addition to his role as Chief-in-Editor of the platform's website, Youssef is currently pursuing an engineering degree at Nile University in Egypt. With his unique blend of passion, expertise, and entrepreneurial spirit, Youssef is passionate about combining these traits with aviation to provide a unique resource for aviation enthusiasts and professionals alike.

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